04. Constitution Day
Constitution day, which is popularly known as national Law Day, which is celebrated on November 26 every year to celebrate the adoption of constitution of India. On January 26, India's constitution went into effect to instill values in citizens. It took two years, eleven months, and seventeen days to form the constitution, according to the father of the constitution, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, who chaired the drafting committee, and Dr. Rajendra Prasad, president of the constitution Assembly. The Constituent Assembly established 13 committees to draught the constitution, including a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. A seven-member Drafting Committee created a draught of the Constitution based on the reports of these committees. It is the world's longest written constitution, with 395 articles, 22 parts, and 12 schedules. It was written in both English and Hindi. The original copies of the Indian Constitution are stored in special helium-filled containers in the Parliament of India's Library. Each section of the Constitution begins with a portrayal of a period or scene in India's history. There were no provisions establishing Fundamental Duties to Citizens when the Constitution was created in 1949, while there was a Part III for Fundamental Rights. Citizens' Fundamental Duties were introduced to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976, based on the suggestions of the Swaran Singh Committee, which was appointed by the government.
The Committee proposed that efforts be taken to ensure that the individual did not neglect his responsibilities while exercising his Fundamental Rights. The fundamental obligations are derived mostly from Indian heritage, mythology, religions, and traditions. Essentially, they were the duties that codified chores essential to the Indian way of life. The preamble to the constitution defines the country to be a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic that seeks to provide justice, liberty, and equality to all of its residents while also promoting fraternity to safeguard the unity and integrity of all of its citizens. Previously known as Law Day, this day is also known as Samvidhan Divas. The Constitution Assembly was established on December 6, 1949, and its first meeting was conducted on December 9, 1949. Rajendra Prasad was named President, and H C Mukherjee was named Vice-Chairman. On August 29, 1947, Ambedkar was designated head of the drafting committee, along with six other members: Munshi N Gopalaswami Ayyangar, Khaitan, Mitter, Muhammed Sadulla, and Alladi Krishnaswami Iyer. On January 24, 1950, members of the Constituent Assembly signed two handwritten versions of the document (one in Hindi and one in English). The Assembly enacted the Indian Constitution on November 26, 1949. The Constitution went into effect on January 26, 1950. It is the world's longest written constitution, with 395 articles, 22 parts, and 12 schedules. The introduction of Fundamental Duties brings our Constitution in conformity with article 29 (1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as clauses in several other countries' modern constitutions. The concept of fundamental duties was borrowed from the Soviet Union. On November 19, 2015, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment notified the Government of India's decision to mark the 26th of November every year as 'Constitution Day' in order to promote Constitution principles among citizens.
The Indian Constitution was drafted by a Constituent Assembly established under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946. On December 9, 1946, the Assembly had its inaugural meeting and elected Dr. Sachhidanand Sinha, the Assembly's oldest member, as Provisional President. The Assembly elected Dr Rajendra Prasad as its permanent Chairman on December 11, 1946. The ultimate custodians of the Constitution are the people of India. They are the holders of sovereignty, and the Constitution was drafted in their honour. The Constitution empowers the citizen, but the citizen also empowers the Constitution by following, adhering to, safeguarding, and persevering in making it more significant through words and acts.
Nobody's preserve - and everyone's preserve - is the Constitution.
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